A headstone, or a gravestone, is a marker stone that is usually placed over a grave. Headstones are the commonly used marker for a gravesite. Different religions such as Christians, Jewish among others, have used gravestones since ancient times for their burial ceremonies.
Types of Headstones
There are different types of gravestones. Here are the most general styles of headstones.
• Upright Headstones
Upright headstones are the most common type of monument used in burials. It is a type of gravestone that is placed at the head of the grave. These gravestones are of different designs and may come in different shapes, sizes, elegance, and levels of complexity.
• Slated Headstones
A slated headstone is another type of headstone that has its front side featuring a dramatic slant. It is a variation of the upright monument.
• Abselik Burial Monument
Abselik burial monument generally is a tall pillar made of stone. It originated in Ancient Egypt. These types of gravestones are less common as compared to upright monuments.
What Makes Up A Gravestone?
Headstones are typically made from marble and granite. Marble is a crystallized form of limestone. It is commonly used as it takes carving well. Marble gained popularity in the early 19th century.
Granite, on the other hand, requires knowledge and skills to carve by hand. Therefore, any artwork can be created virtually by a blaster since letters, emblems, and numbers are left exposed on the stone.
Commonly, the names, date of birth, and date of death of the deceased are inscribed in it. Depending on the design, there can be ample space to add images. Headstones may also contain words or a special quote that depict the personality of loved ones being remembered.
When graves become overgrown, their markers may get lost or vandalized. The overgrowth should be removed with utmost care to avoid damages to the carvings. Older gravestones may tilt over time due to downhill creep on gentle slopes and soil movements. Some may be sited some meters away from their original location. Thus, approved memorial mason should always maintain gravestones. .The masons should offer regular inspections. The maintenance makes it easier to identify stones that may topple or, on rare occasions, fall, thus injuring people.